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Why do our K-12 schools remain technology-free?

By Lisa Neal / October 2007

TYPE: OPINION
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The digital divide used to be about who had or didn't have technology. Business Week claims the digital divide is now about broadband access. Another take on the divide involves how early one started using technology: "Neo-millennial students," "gamers," "digital natives," and various other terms are used to describe people who grew up with computers in contrast to those (like me) who first used technology as an adolescent—or even later. Marc Prensky said that "today's students think and process information fundamentally differently from their predecessors" and even have different brain structures than digital immigrants. But no matter how you define "digital divide," the growing impact of technology on our daily lives is undeniable—as long as you stay outside the public K-12 classroom.

I went to three back-to-school nights in the past few weeks, for a third grade daughter and for seventh and 10th grade sons. Back-to-school night is when parents visit their children's classrooms and, in the case of the middle and high schools, attend abbreviated versions of each of their children's classes in order to meet teachers and hear about the curriculum. The most sophisticated technology I saw on my visits was a touch-sensitive SMARTboard used by the high school math teacher. A few teachers projected from laptops; for instance, a middle-school gym teacher displayed a school site with schedules for after school sports. Some provided paper handouts or wrote on a whiteboard. While I didn't see the mimeograph machines of my childhood, I did not see major technological transformations in these schools.

Outside of the classroom, many of these teachers, especially in the higher grades, use technology for homework-related communication. Some teachers assign homework to be done online. Students learn how to search and do research online, but they also develop non-technological research skills that include using libraries or, for example, examining the night sky with their own eyes-not through someone else's webcam-though they do know to look for data online when skies are overcast. There is a real fluency to their research skills, and they expect to find whatever they need online (and often do). Of course, there is also heavy use of technology for entertainment purposes.

Given that children in many parts of the world are digital natives, and given that technology and broadband access are widely available, why has the classroom itself changed so little from the classroom of my childhood? I think the real digital divide in education lies in the gulf between today's classrooms and those we'd like to see in our communities—classrooms that effectively integrate technology in a way that measurably improves learning.



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ADDITIONAL READING

    Lisa Neal
  1. The basics of e-learning
  2. Is it live or is it Memorex?
  3. The Value of Voice
  4. Predictions for 2006
  5. Five Questions...for Christopher Dede
  6. Five Questions... for John Seely Brown
  7. Five questions...for Shigeru Miyagawi
  8. "Deep" thoughts
  9. 5 questions... for Richard E. Mayer
  10. Designing usable, self-paced e-learning courses
  11. Want better courses?
  12. Just "DO IT"
  13. Five questions...
  14. Formative evaluation
  15. Senior service
  16. Blogging to learn and learning to blog
  17. My life as a Wikipedian
  18. Five questions...for Elliott Masie
  19. The stripper and the bogus online degree
  20. Five questions...for Lynn Johnston
  21. Five questions...for Tom Carey
  22. Not all the world's a stage
  23. Five questions...for Karl M. Kapp
  24. Five questions...for Larry Prusack
  25. Five questions...for Seb Schmoller
  26. Do distance and location matter in e-learning?
  27. Music lessons
  28. Learn to apologize for fun and profit
  29. Of web hits and Britney Spears
  30. Advertising or education?
  31. Five questions…for Matt DuPlessie
  32. Back to the future
  33. Serious games for serious topics
  34. Five (or six) questions...for Irene McAra-McWilliam
  35. Learner on the Orient Express
  36. "Spot Learning"
  37. Q&A with Saul Carliner
  38. When will e-learning reach a tipping point?
  39. Online learning and fun
  40. In search of simplicity
  41. eLearning and fun
  42. Everything in moderation
  43. How to get students to show up and learn
  44. Q&A
  45. Blended conferences
  46. Predictions for 2002
  47. Learning from e-learning
  48. Storytelling at a distance
  49. Q&A with Don Norman
  50. Talk to me
  51. Q&A with Diana Laurillard
  52. Do it yourself
  53. Degrees by mail
  54. Predictions for 2004
  55. Predictions For 2003