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Music lessons
Can jingles point the way to helping learners retain vital information?

By Lisa Neal / November 2007

TYPE: OPINION
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I like to peruse the daily newspaper, including the obituaries, because one never knows what one might find. I just read the obituary of Thomas Dawes, a not especially well-known musician whose obituary was featured because he wrote "some of advertising's best known jingles, including 'Plop, Plop, Fizz, Fizz' for Alka-Seltzer." Now I don't even know anyone who takes Alka-Seltzer but I can sing this jingle without a moment's hesitation, along with the hosiery jingle "Our L'eggs Fit Your Legs" and other Dawes' creations. Memorizing these jingles was effortless, even unintentional. Teachers, in contrast, struggle on a daily basis to engage their students and get what they are teaching to stick.

In an in eLearn Magazine interview, design guru Don Norman talked about the impact of music in movies. "Movies go to great efforts to recreate realism on screen and get you involved, yet feel it essential that they have music in the background. They feel it really adds to the interpretation and experience. It's often the case that artists are ahead of scientists. What scientists do is notice what the artists have done, and then try to understand it." Let's call Thomas Dawes an artist and examine what he created.

Dawes' tunes and lyrics were short, catchy, and repetitive. These qualities surely increase their memorability—often embarrassingly so—many years later. Most people do not teach this way. In fact, I have often said to my students, "Remember this, it's very important." I now wonder what would happen if I sang these important concepts to my students, like we were in a musical. Different parts of memory are used for sound, smell, taste, etc., but does music make words more memorable? Or can it mask their meaning? Even though I can sing Dawes' lyrics, I didn't act upon them, though I assume others did.

Music has been shown to promote memory better than either silence or background noise. A 2001 study by M. Larkin called "Music Tunes Up Memory in Dementia Patients" selected 23 subjects with dementia and tested their recall after they were exposed to four different types of noise: no noise, cafeteria noise, familiar music, and novel music. The study found that recall was better with sound than with silence and better with music than with cafeteria noise. Has this been confirmed by iPod listeners too?

Educational television certainly learned this lesson, as evidenced by "Sesame Street" and other children's shows. And then there's "The hip bone's connected to the thigh bone…," which may not be on the tip of most medical students' tongues but certainly offers a memorable introduction to anatomy. However, there are few music-inspired techniques or older children or for adult learners-but perhaps there should be?

In the movie, Akeelah and the Bee, Akeelah's spelling coach has her practice spelling while jumping rope as a memory aid, which serves her well when she gets stuck at the spelling bee. Now I wonder if I should sing or tap dance for my students to enhance their recall.



Comments

  • Sat, 07 Nov 2015
    Post by TA-DA...Teaching Activities Done Aesthetically

    You are so right when you said, "Maybe there should be music inspired techniques to inspire older children!" I teach elementary students and know the power of using music to learn. My students learn expanding numbers through songs, as well as adding fractions. They learn about fossils, when the volcano Mt. Vesuvius, and when it blew in 79 A.D. We sing about bones,and how ligaments are the strong stretchy bands that hold our bones together and that these are joints. Songs like the engineering design process helps us to solve problems of the world. Yes, music: teaches my students facts, serves as a reading resource, allows them to use the song to know write a narrative or information text, and to learn history, geography, biographies, and science as they get excited about the wonderful world that they can contribute to with their knowledge that becomes power! STEAM is a powerful part of our learning...and using music as part of the "A" for arts brings enjoyment and excitement to our classroom.

ADDITIONAL READING

    Lisa Neal
  1. Predictions For 2003
  2. "Spot Learning"
  3. Q&A with Saul Carliner
  4. When will e-learning reach a tipping point?
  5. Online learning and fun
  6. In search of simplicity
  7. eLearning and fun
  8. Everything in moderation
  9. The basics of e-learning
  10. Is it live or is it Memorex?
  11. The Value of Voice
  12. Predictions for 2006
  13. Five Questions...for Christopher Dede
  14. Five Questions... for John Seely Brown
  15. Five questions...for Shigeru Miyagawi
  16. "Deep" thoughts
  17. 5 questions... for Richard E. Mayer
  18. Designing usable, self-paced e-learning courses
  19. Want better courses?
  20. Just "DO IT"
  21. Five questions...
  22. Formative evaluation
  23. Senior service
  24. Blogging to learn and learning to blog
  25. My life as a Wikipedian
  26. Five questions...for Elliott Masie
  27. The stripper and the bogus online degree
  28. Five questions...for Lynn Johnston
  29. Five questions...for Tom Carey
  30. Not all the world's a stage
  31. Five questions...for Karl M. Kapp
  32. Five questions...for Larry Prusack
  33. Five questions...for Seb Schmoller
  34. Do distance and location matter in e-learning?
  35. Why do our K-12 schools remain technology-free?
  36. Learn to apologize for fun and profit
  37. Five questions…for Matt DuPlessie
  38. Back to the future
  39. Serious games for serious topics
  40. Five (or six) questions...for Irene McAra-McWilliam
  41. Learner on the Orient Express
  42. Of web hits and Britney Spears
  43. Advertising or education?
  44. How to get students to show up and learn
  45. Q&A
  46. Blended conferences
  47. Predictions for 2002
  48. Learning from e-learning
  49. Storytelling at a distance
  50. Q&A with Don Norman
  51. Talk to me
  52. Q&A with Diana Laurillard
  53. Do it yourself
  54. Degrees by mail
  55. Predictions for 2004